The Costa Pacifica liner offers a tour of the entire island:
The magnificent Godafoss waterfall is located in the middle of a rocky valley. A rocky gorge made of basalt columns suddenly opens and you can clearly see where the waters of the Skjalfandafljot river come crashing down, despite the waterfall only being less than 40 feet tall.
Two bridges create safe passage over the rocky gorge.
The magnificent valleys of North Iceland:
The volcanic wonderland of Myvatn is a bright oasis on the edge of desert highlands. Black lava fields give way to a landscape formed by young mountains, bizarre craters, rivers and lakes. Incredibly beautiful landscape of the local area owes its special beauty to the famous Krafla volcano. A bubbling pool of hot magma is less than two miles below the earth's surface; still a source of active volcanic activity.
Initially, the lake appeared 3.800 years ago, and the current Lake Myvatn was formed 2.300 years ago the Krafla erupted. This explains the incredibly rugged shoreline of the lake and the several island of water (between 6 and 13 feet deep). The lake consists of two main pools, formed at different times and filled from different sources: the temperature of the larger one does not exceed 41 degrees Fahrenheit because of the underground cold wells, and water in the other basin of the lake is much warmer - 86 degrees Fahrenheit. The local ecosystem is quite unique; the abundance of seaweed has attracted midges who have in turn attracted ducks which has lead to Lake Myvatn having one large varieties of ducks!
These craters (or, more correctly, pseudo craters) formed 2.300 years ago when lava flow from Krafla covered the old lake. Water boiled beneath the magma and evaporated upwards breaking through the hardened lava, creating these giant bubbles around the southern shore of Lake Myvatn.
A view from the top of a "lava bubble":
One of the local guides and minibus drivers:
The Krafla volcano has been active in the 19th and 20th centuries up till recently, destroying many local farms. Scientists predict that another cataclysmic eruption will take place in the coming decades, like the one which formed Lake Myvatn 2.300 years ago.While the exact date of this eruption is unknown, the locals are comfortable living in the area. In fact, residents were more concerned with the 2008 financial crisis that had crippled Iceland.