Akureyri. North Iceland - "Kamchatka's Sister". P.2. | CruiseBe
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Akureyri. North Iceland - "Kamchatka's Sister". P.2.

Uritsk Andrey • 4 minutes read • April 23rd, 2016
The East coast lake was created between 1970 and 1980, when a volcanic eruption filled the valleys with streams of molten lava. A picturesque landscape resulted:

The lake is close to another intriguing location, Dimmuborgir. The area is comprised of a series of volcanic rock formations and caves. The formations are reminiscent of an ancient fortress that has ultimately succumbed to the ravages of nature. Before the creation of Lake Myvatn (east of Dimmuborgir), lava flowed from the Ludentarborgir crater, forming a giant lake of lava stretching for several miles. Steam bubbles rose to the surface in some places, which formed the "chimneys" that can be seen today. 

The rest of the lava slowly flowed into Lake Myvatn, forming columns of slag. This is the only place on earth where such formations exist. Dimmuborgir is one of the main attractions of the island. There are several hiking trails, that pass directly through these sites.

Such a rock in the shape of ring:

A panorama of Dimmuborgir:

Below are the Hverir hot springs, located at the foot of the Krafla volcano - a bowl-like volcanic structure. Visitors can take in the beauty of the landscape as well as the boiling mud pools nearby.

That simple device, shown below, helps to measure the relative motion of two lithospheric plates of the earth's crust.


The most active center of volcanic activity in the Krafla volcano's area has a diameter of about eight miles and is composed of several different volcanic layers. Tourists are restricted from accessing the volcano itslef given its regular eruptions and active status. These boiling mud cauldrons have temperatures that can reach between 176 - 212 degrees Fahrenheit. The desert-like landscape of Namarskard is notable for its magnificent colors: red-brown ocher and white, in contrast to the milky, bright green and purple crystals of the sulfur pools. The entire area smells of hydrogen sulfide from the volcanic boilers.


Isn't this a real Martian landscape!?

Pressurized sulfur gases escaping from a huge fumaroles:


In the midst of the Krafla volcanic district there are two more points of interest: first one is the geothermal station that supplies electricity and heat to

Akureyri

and a significant part of the north coast of Iceland.

Thermal pools are a true hot-spot, providing a relaxing oasis after a long trek through the landscape, naturally heated by the earth's core.

The gaping black formation in the background is in fact one of the largest volcanic craters on the island!

Ahead is Iceland's longest fjords (a narrow inlet that is hugged by steep cliffs on either side) shore of Eyjafjordur, offering a wonderful view of 

Akureyri

 - the capital of North Iceland - and the docked "

Costa Pacifica

" liner:
Author: Uritsk
Source: uritsk.livejournal.com
Translated by: Olesya Zhukova

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