The bus tour takes passengers through the central part of Alaska with stopovers at two tourist centers of the “Princess” company, “McKinley Princess Lodge” and “Denali Princess Lodge”, as well as a boarding house near the Arctic circle of Fairbanks town.
1903 and by 1907 49 miles (80 kilometers) of the railroad had been laid built in Seward but the company, which was involved in the construction, had gone bankrupt. Finally, in 1914, the US Congress appropriated $35 million for the construction of the entire railway line in Alaska, from Seward to Fairbanks. The builders lived in tents in the city of Anchorage. The 456 mile (756 km) line was completed in 1917. The last link became the Mears Memorial Bridge across the river Tanana, one of the main tributaries of the Yukon. This bridge spanned 688 feet (210 meters) and is currently the third largest bridge farm in the United States. it was opened in 1923, when the Alaska Railroad opened, and was in service for almost 90 years.
The Alaska Railroad is a dead-end road; not connected with the rest of the North American rail network following Fairbanks.
Nowadays traffic flow on Alaska Railroad is relatively low and continues to decline. The shuttle train between Anchorage and Fairbanks runs every day, but as a tourist amusement, the Alaska railroad has no equal, as several luxury tourist trains run every day between Whittier, Anchorage and Fairbanks. The trains have a glass roof, outdoor areas for photography and excellent restaurants. The Alaska Railroad also passes through a number of unique places and national parks. Alaska, with its numerous bridges, viaducts and tunnels, has some of the most outstanding engineering structures of the early 20th century.
Leaving Witter, the train a 3mile (5 km) long tunnel, passing through the Kenai Mountains, which is a narrow neck of land of the peninsula with the same name. Portage Lake appears after the tunnel. Anchorage runs through over 55 miles (90 kilometers) of the railway, along the coast of the long Turnagain Arm Bay. It is famous for its unusually strong tidal phenomena.
The train continues to move along the rocky coast, and one hour later, a powerful tidal wave emerges:
The difference in levels between tides is one of the largest in Alaska, and sometimes it surpasses more than 32 feet (10 meters).
Along the coast of Anchorage.
The snow capped mountains: Anchorage is the largest city in Alaska, home to 42% of the population (300,000 people). It is also the main business center of the region, as well as one of the largest ports in the northern United States. However the true capital is not Anchorage, but the small city of Juneau. Anchorage:
After Anchorage the train heads further north.
The Pacific Ocean and further down is the Knik Arm Gulf.
The Nick and Matanuska rivers fall into the northern tip of the Nick Arm Gulf. Below is the Nick River:
The Matanuska River:
Palmer, a small town in the Lower Matanuska: