, built at the end of the 19th century.
The famous boulevard, La Rambla, starts here and leads up to the city during which route you will see the Gothic quarter, the Cathedral Square and the magnificent facade of the Barcelona Cathedral. This cathedral is ancient (1298-1448) and the facade and a spike were attached later, at the beginning of the 20th century.
Below, theGothic quarter of Barcelona and the vicinities of the Cathedral of the Holy Cross and Saint Eulalia.
The cathedral is remarkable outside, but much more impressive inside!
The cathedral is adjoined by a court yard where a geese live.
The New city, which was built at the end of 19th to the beginning of the 20th century, is called "L'Eixample" where the well-known cathedral "Sagrada Familia" is located.
The majority of the New city is built in modernist style of Antoni Gaudi, the famous Catalan architect of the 19th and 20th centuries. Some quarters of Gaudi:
The Gaudi quarters in Barcelona require a full day of your time to fully take in the magnificent architecture. Below are pictures near the church of the Holy Family, which is the most emblematic project of Gaudi's career. For more than hundred years it has been preserved through private donations, in the northern corner of "the new city" of L'Eixample, away from the more modern architecture.
The church of the Holy Family was founded in 1882, formerly grazing land for goats, it was part of the more unfashionable side of the city. Initially, management of the project was entrusted to the unknown architect Viliar, who resigned after only a year and 32-year-old Gaudi continued in his stead. Gaudi subsequently spent the rest of his life constructing the church, combining his work with the Sagrada Familia. Beginning in 1912, Gaudi dropped all of his affairs and began living on the building site. However, due to lack of funding, there were long stretches of time where no work was done. Gaudi, like most builders in the Middle Ages, preferred to do all he could, leaving the rest for future architects.
Gaudi died in the summer of 1926 at the age of 73, having been hit by a tram. At this time, the crypt of the church and a facade of Christmas images of 30 different kinds of plants had been finished. By the beginning of the Civil war in Spain, Gaudi's former assistant constructed three more towers; 12 of which represented the apostle, 4 in honor of evangelists, one (the apse tower) in honor of the Virgin Mary and the last, and tallest at 557 feet (170-meter), in honor of Christ.
Gaudi's former crew resumed work on the church in 1952, gaining a wider scope in the 80s when all the workers associated with Gaudi were no longer alive. At this time four more towers and two facades were completed. Between 2000 and 2010, the arches of the gallery were completed and the crossing and an apse, on which two more towers plan to be erected, were finished: The tallest tower, devoted to Christ, was topped with a cross. The alleged end of all construction works is presumably dated the first third of 21st century, 150 years after the beginning of the initial construction.
In 2008 a group of more than 400 cultural figures of Spain have urged that construction be halted. In their opinion, the creation of the great architect has fallen victim to inept restoration in order to please the growing tourism industry. This point has some traction, given that the building of the Sagrada Familia was visited by 2,26 million people in 2006.
The Christmas facade which had mostly been built by Gaudi:
The Passions facade, part of the more modern construction:
And some more photos of Sagrada Familia:
For comparison, below is a picture of what the church would have looked like if it had been completed in the Middle Ages:
As interesting as church of the Holy Family history and construction is, below we take a look at the "Spanish village", Montjuic, built in 1929. Each building has been reproduced to show its original construction.
Walking through the Spanish village: