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Cadiz, Spain

Cadiz is the capital of the Cadiz Province in the Andalucia region of Spain.
Cádiz is on a narrow slice of land surrounded by the sea. The older part of Cadiz, within the remnants of the city walls, is commonly referred to as the Old Town. It is characterized by the antiquity of its various quarters, among them El Pópulo, La Viña, and Santa María, which present a marked contrast to the newer areas of town. While the Old City's street plan consists of narrow winding alleys connecting large plazas, newer areas of Cadiz typically have wide avenues and more modern buildings. Also, the city is dotted with numerous parks where exotic plants flourish, including giant trees supposedly brought to Spain by Columbus from the New World.

History

Cádiz is the oldest continuously inhabited city in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest... Read more

Cadiz, Spain

Destination:
Cadiz is the capital of the Cadiz Province in the Andalucia region of Spain.
Cádiz is on a narrow slice of land surrounded by the sea. The older part of Cadiz, within the remnants of the city walls, is commonly referred to as the Old Town. It is characterized by the antiquity of its various quarters, among them El Pópulo, La Viña, and Santa María, which present a marked contrast to the newer areas of town. While the Old City's street plan consists of narrow winding alleys connecting large plazas, newer areas of Cadiz typically have wide avenues and more modern buildings. Also, the city is dotted with numerous parks where exotic plants flourish, including giant trees supposedly brought to Spain by Columbus from the New World.

History

Cádiz is the oldest continuously inhabited city in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in all southwestern Europe. Traditionally, its founding is dated to 1104 BC.
The city was originally founded by the Phoenicians from Tyre, who called it Gadir. Over the years the city changed hands (and names!) many times. It was inhabited by the Romans, destroyed by the Visigoths, rebuilt by the Byzantines, and occupied by the Moors until they were removed in 1262 AD by the Spanish.
Christopher Columbus sailed from Cádiz on his second and fourth voyages, and the city later became the home port of the Spanish treasure fleet.
In the 18th century, it became one of Spain's greatest and most cosmopolitan cities and home to trading communities from many countries. Many of today's historic buildings in the Old City date from this era.
In recent years, the city has undergone much reconstruction. Many monuments, cathedrals, and landmarks have been cleaned and restored, adding to the charm of this ancient city.

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Text is available under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0

Cadiz, Spain: Port Information


Cruise ships arrive at the port of Cadis and dock at the Alfonso pier. 
The main square Plaza se San Juan de Dios is right across the street. All main attractions can be covered on foot.

Get around Cadiz, Spain


The old town can be easily walked, and it is not easy to ride a car along its twisting alleys. 
San Fernando, El Puerto de Santa Maria, Conil, Vejer, Medina Sidonia, Arcos de la Frontera, Jerez.
There are 5 bus routes which tour the town and all start and finish at old and new towns, going in a loop. It's €1.10 per ride. The most central is the number 1 and number 2, which goes right through the center of the old town and towards the stadium at the end.
The number 7 follows the coastline and goes between the two beaches.

What to see in Cadiz, Spain


Cadiz is said to be the oldest city in western Europe, as it was founded by Phoenician sailors about 3.000 years ago, as a commercial stronghold. Archeological remains can be found all around the old town. The Archeological Museum (Plaza de Mina) exhibits are interesting, especially two Phoenician stone sarcophagi. The remains of the Roman theatre, just behind the Old Cathedral, are also worth a visit.
The massive stone walls and forts surrounding the old town were built after the British naval attack and sacking in 1596 (the "singeing of the Spanish King's beard," in the words of the British commander, Sir Francis Drake), and the forts of

San Sebastian

and

Santa Catalina

(and occasionally Baluarte de la Concepcion) are open to the public.
Everyone should visit the Cathedral in the old town and climb to the top of the North Tower for a nice view of the entire city.
The

church Oratorio de San Felipe Neri

, where the first Spanish Constitution was signed, has plenty of marble and bronze plates to honor the representatives from mainland Spain and colonial territories, ranging from Philippines Islands to Central and South America.
The Torre Tavira, near the Central Market (Mercado de Abastos), holds a "camera obscura." Located in one of the towers originally used by merchants to watch out for their ships returning home from the Americas, it provides a birds-eye view of the old part of town.
The Central Market itself is well worth a visit in the morning, especially the fish section.
A modern monument of Cadiz is the huge pylons of the powerline crossing the bay of Cadiz. These 150 meter high pylons are lattice towers with the cylindrical cross section.

What to do in Cadiz, Spain


Enjoy the best sunset in Spain at 'Playa de la Caleta' at the northern end of the old town. The main beaches (Santa Maria del Mar, Victoria, and Cortadura) start at the edge of the old town, continue all along the new town, and on alongside the road to San Fernando. In total some 10 km of the widest, cleanest beaches you will find in Europe, with safe bathing from around May to October. The summer heat is usually tempered by an Atlantic breeze, although on days when the Levante blows beware of flying sand.
Victoria Beach is short bus ride (number 7 or number 2) away from the old town and is beautiful with clean water and lots of activities including beach football and volleyball, surfing and kite flying all available.
Another worth visiting places hidden in Cadiz is Andalusí Market. In this market, many local artists display their original products. From herbal soaps to 21 different types of Spanish empanadilla, teas, and spices from Morocco, potters making the famous Andalusian pottery on the spot, to name a few. It is organized by Institución Ferial de Cádiz (Africa) every year for 3 days in August to promote local craftsmen business. One can find all the typical Spanish food delicacies served here at a reasonable price. This year it was held on 17,18,19 August 2012 in the neighborhood of El Pópulo. The dates may vary every year depending on the weekend.

Events

Do not miss Carnaval in Cadiz, one of the oldest and best in Spain often cited as the third biggest Carnaval celebration in the world. Usually in February, the weekend before Ash Wednesday is consistently the loudest and most eventful so be sure to check the calendar. Singing, dancing, and costumes run for the whole week. Informal groups (chirigotas, cuartetos, coros, comparsas, and romanceros) sing at the old town streets, usually with strong critics on local, national and international politics, the jet set, and just about anything/anybody, up to the Royal Family. Make your travel plans early as most accommodation gets booked months in advance and be prepared to spend almost double for the week of Carnaval. One way to experience Carnaval on the dime, and perhaps the preferred way of Andalusian locals, is to board an afternoon train heading to Cadiz, spend the night singing and dancing, then catch the first train back in the morning. Expect singing, dancing, costumes and drinking on all trains. Sleeping on the public beach is also another popular option, though be sure to bring a blanket or sleeping bag, both of which can be stored in lockers at the train station; expect company and use common sense.

Semana Santa (Easter or Holy Week) is less formal than in Sevilla, and probably more authentic and emotive an experience for that.

What to eat and drink in Cadiz, Spain


Eat

In Cadiz, you will find some of the best and freshest fish and shellfish in the world. They are best eaten as simply cooked as possible: plainly boiled shellfish (in varying sizes from tiny prawns up to lobsters), grilled or baked whole fish such as lubina (bass) or dorada (bream), or deep fried with a light flour coating (especially puntillitas (baby squid) and boquerones (anchovies)).
To eat not too expensive fish and shellfish, you can look at Calle Zorrilla (several tapas bars and street vendors) or Calle de la Palma (several restaurants with open-air terraces).
For a splurge, the best place in town is Restaurante El Faro (Calle San Félix. But even here food can be not very expensive if you stand at the bar and eat only tapas.
  • Balandro, Alameda de Apodaca, 22, ☎ +34 956 22 09 92. open 13:00 - 16:00 and 20:00 - 24:00. Modern bar with good food typical from Cadiz. It is extremely cheap, and the quantities are generous. It's located on the coastline, and as such, they seem to get the pick of the fish that comes in every day. 
  • El Merodio, C/Libertad 4.  
  • El Faro, Calle San Felix 15.  
  • El Gaucho (Calle de Murquia). Only opened in May 2011 but has already forged a name as the best steak restaurant in the town.
  • Cumbres Mayore (Calle Zorilla). Best Tapas in town with a focus on the famous Iberican hams and meats.
  • Casa Hidalgo, Plaza de la Catedral, 8. A great bakery that specializes in Galician empanadas (try the Empanada de Atún - sounds bad, tastes delicious), but also have great pastries of all kinds. Locals flock to this local institution for the scrumptious ensaimadas, salvavidas, and brazos de gitano. 
  • La Sidrería de El Pópulo, Calle Mesón número 16, esquina con San Antonio Abad, ☎ +34 856922078. Located in the historic El Pópulo district, this is Cádiz´s sole cider house. Specializing is sidra from Asturias and dishes from all over the north of Spain, a great place to eat if you´re tired of only Andalusian fare.
  • Restaurante Café Royalty (restaurante cafe royalty), Plaza de la Candelaria S/N, 11005 Cádiz, España (Cafe Royalty is located in the historic center of the city of Cadiz, in the corner of the Plaza de la Candelaria with Obispo Urquinaona street.), ☎ +34 956 078 065

Drink

Fino, a (16% alcohol) bone dry sherry (or Jerez), or manzanilla, a similar wine from Sanlucar de Barrameda, is the perfect aperitif with olives or a prawn or two. Drinking more than a couple of glasses may spoil your focus on the rest of the meal. The best local white wine (and one of the most popular in Spain) is Barbadillo, made from the same grape but considerably lighter (11%). You should visit Taberna de la Manzanilla, one of the oldest bars and wine merchants in town, selling nothing but sherry wines. No tapas but just 2 complimentary olives per glass of wine. Forget about local red wine. Quality is far below other Spanish areas producing red wines, such as Rioja or Ribera de Duero.
  • Bar Cuba, Calle de Murquia. Owner Richard is a bit of a local legend after naming his bar after his wife's nationality. You'll find a good deal of cocktails and beersю 
  • Woodstock. A good mix of locals and ERASMUS students in here. They offer deals midweek, and a bar crawl runs from 11 PM on Tuesday and Wednesday, although the turnout isn't always fantastic 
  • O'Connels. Wherever you go, there's always an Irish bar, and Cadiz is no exception. Will show most of the major UK soccer games if you fancy catching it, although beer here is pricier as it's imported.
  • Bar Nahu. The main haunt for internationals during the weekdays and weekends. Closes late (around 3PM) and is exceptionally cheap. You'll get lots of English speakers in here, especially around the end of September/start of October as that's when the ERASMUS scheme arrives and people like to get to know people
  • SPAM! Club. This is usually where the Nahu frequenters end up after Nahu. More expensive but open till 7AM 
  • Imaginarium. Only open on Thursday/Friday/Saturday and located closer to the new town, but you'll find some famous acts going on if you're lucky and is always jam-packed.

Shopping in Cadiz, Spain


Standard souvenirs can be found at several shops in Calle Pelota, Calle Compañía, Calle San Francisco and Plaza de Candelaria.

Safety in Cadiz, Spain


In Spain, pickpockets are not jailed if they steal less than €400. After they are arrested, they are automatically bailed to carry on pickpocketing so they can easily pay their €200 fine when they go to court. Many have been around the Spanish justice merry-go-round for hundreds of times. Spanish pickpockets are skilful, but they compete with many more from South America.

Emergency services
Dialing 112 on any telephone will reach the emergency central. It can be used to request Police, Firemen, Rescue, Ambulance or other emergency assistance. Calls to that number are free. The emergency operator will ask you for your data and the nature of the emergency and so will send the appropriate services to the place. It can be also used freely from public payphones.

Safety
Spain is a safe country, but you should take some basic precautions encouraged in the entire world:
  • Thieves may work in teams and a person may attempt to distract you in order that an accomplice can rob you more easily. Theft, including violent theft, occurs at all times of day and night and to people of all ages.
  • Thieves prefer stealth to direct confrontation, so it is unlikely that you will be hurt in the process, but exercise caution all the same.
  • There have been instances where thieves on motorbikes drive by women and grab their purses, so keep a tight hold on yours even if you don't see anyone around.
  • Try not to show the money you have in your wallet or purse.
  • Always watch your bag or purse in touristic places, buses, trains, and meetings. A voice message reminding that is played in most of the bus/train stations and airports.
  • Large cities like Alicante, Barcelona, Madrid, and Sevilla, in particular, report many incidents of pick-pocketing, mugging, and violent attacks, some of which require the victim to seek medical attention. Although crimes occur at all times of day and night and to people of all ages, older and Asian tourists seem to be particularly at risk.
  • Do not carry large amounts of money with you, unless needed. Use your credit card (Spain is the first country in a number of cash points, and most shops/restaurants accept it). Of course, use it with caution.
  • Theft from rental vehicles is high. Be vigilant in service areas on the highways along the coast. Avoid leaving any luggage or valuables in the vehicle and use secure parking facilities.
  • Don't hesitate to report crimes to local police, though the processing time is usually long.
  • In general, you must bear in mind that those areas with a larger number of foreign visitors, like some crowded vacation resorts in the East Coast, are much more likely to attract thieves than places which are not so popular among tourists.
  • Avoid gypsy women offering rosemary, refuse it always; they will read your future, ask for some money, and your pocket will probably be picked. Some gypsy women will also approach you on the street repeating "Buena suerte" ("good luck") as a distraction for another gypsy woman to try to pickpocket you. Avoid them at all costs.
  • Women who carry purses should always put the straps across their bodies. Always hold on to the purse itself and keep it in front of your body. Keep one hand on the bottom, as pickpockets can otherwise slit the bottom without you ever knowing.
  • Never place anything on the back of a chair or the floor next to you, keep it on your person always.
  • If you must use an ATM, do not flash the money you have just picked up.
  • More foreign passports are stolen each year in Spain than anywhere else in the world, especially in Barcelona. Ensure that your passport is protected at all times.
  • In the event of a road-related incident, be extremely cautious about accepting help from anyone other than a uniformed Spanish police officer or Civil Guard. Thieves have been known to fake or provoke a flat tire, and when a motorist stops to help, the thieves steal the motorist’s car or belongings. The reverse scenario has also occurred, whereby a fake Good Samaritan stops to help a motorist in distress, only to steal the motorist’s car or belongings.
  • Incidents of drink spiking, followed by theft and sexual assault, have been reported.
  • Be alert to the possible use of ‘date rape’ and other drugs including ‘GHB’ and liquid ecstasy. Buy your own drinks and keep sight of them at all times to make sure they are not spiked; female travellers should be particularly watchful. Alcohol and drugs can make you less vigilant, less in control and less aware of your environment. If you drink, know your limit - remember that drinks served in bars are often stronger. Avoid splitting up from your friends, and don't go off with people you don't know.
Stay healthy
  • Pharmaceuticals are not sold at supermarkets, only at 'farmacias' (pharmacies / chemistries), identified with a green cross or a Hygeia's cup. Nearly every city and the town has at least one 24 hour pharmacy; for those that close at night, the law requires a poster with the address of the nearest pharmacy, possibly in one of the nearby streets or towns.
  • People from the European Union and a few more European countries can freely use the public health system if they have the appropriate European Health Insurance Card. The card does not cover treatment in private hospitals. Agreements are established to treat people from a few American countries; see the Tourspain link below for more info.
  • However, do not hesitate to go to any healthcare facility should you be injured or seriously ill, as it would be illegal for them not to treat you, even if you are uninsured. You (or your country if Spain has a Treaty on the matter) will have to pay for the service later, however.
  • Although many visitors travel to Spain for the warm climate, it can be cold in winter, especially in the Central Region and in the North, and in some places, it is also rainy in summer. Remember to travel with adequate clothes.
  • In summer, avoid direct exposure to sunlight for long periods of time to prevent sunburn and heatstroke. Drink water, walk on the shady side of the street and keep a container of sun cream (suntan lotion) handy.
  • Most cities have a good water supply, especially Madrid, but you may prefer bottled water to the alkaline taste of water in the east and south.

Language spoken in Cadiz, Spain


The official and universal language used in Spain is Spanish (español) which is a member of the Romance family of languages (others include Portuguese, Catalan, Italian, French, and Romanian). Many people, especially outside Castille, prefer to call it Castilian (castellano).

However, there are some languages (Catalan, Basque, Galician, Asturian, etc.) spoken in various parts of Spain. Some of these languages are dominant and co-official in their respective regions. Catalan, Basque and Galician are recognized as official languages according to the Spanish constitution. With the exception of Basque (whose origins are still debated), the languages of the Iberian Peninsula are part of the Romance family and are fairly easy to pick up if you know Castilian well.

In addition to the native languages, English and French are commonly studied in school, although it is rare to find locals conversant in either language outside of the main tourist areas.

That being said, most people in Spain's important tourist industry usually have staff members who speak a good level of English, and particularly in popular beach resorts such as those in the Costa del Sol, you will find people who are fluent in several languages. English is also generally more widely spoken in Barcelona than in the rest of the country. As Portuguese and Italian are closely related to Spanish, if you speak either of these languages, locals would be able to puzzle you out with some difficulty. German is spoken in some areas frequented by German tourists, such as Mallorca.

Castilian Spanish differs from the Latin American Spanish varieties in pronunciation and grammar, although all Latin American varieties are easily understood by Spaniards and vice-versa. While the differences in spelling are virtually non-existent, the differences in words and pronunciation between "Spanish-Spanish" and "Latin-Spanish" are arguably bigger than those between "American" and "British" English.

French is the most widely understood foreign language in the northeast of Spain.

Locals will appreciate any attempts you make to speak their language. For example, know at least the Castilian for "good morning" (buenos días) and "thank you" (gracias).
 

LOCAL TIME

5:12 pm
July 19, 2019
Europe/Madrid

CURRENT WEATHER

33.04 °C / 91.472 °F
sky is clear
Sat

25.17 °C/77 °F
sky is clear
Sun

24.13 °C/75 °F
sky is clear
Mon

24.92 °C/77 °F
sky is clear
Tue

24.99 °C/77 °F
sky is clear

LOCAL CURRENCY

EUR

1 USD = 0 EUR
1 GBP = 0 EUR
1 AUD = 0 EUR
1 CAD = 0 EUR

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