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Cadiz, Spain

Cadiz is the capital of the Cadiz Province in the Andalucia region of Spain.
Cádiz is on a narrow slice of land surrounded by the sea. The older part of Cadiz, within the remnants of the city walls, is commonly referred to as the Old Town. It is characterized by the antiquity of its various quarters, among them El Pópulo, La Viña, and Santa María, which present a marked contrast to the newer areas of town. While the Old City's street plan consists of narrow winding alleys connecting large plazas, newer areas of Cadiz typically have wide avenues and more modern buildings. Also, the city is dotted with numerous parks where exotic plants flourish, including giant trees supposedly brought to Spain by Columbus from the New World.

History

Cádiz is the oldest continuously inhabited city in the Iberian Peninsula and... Read more

Cadiz, Spain

Destination:
Cadiz is the capital of the Cadiz Province in the Andalucia region of Spain.
Cádiz is on a narrow slice of land surrounded by the sea. The older part of Cadiz, within the remnants of the city walls, is commonly referred to as the Old Town. It is characterized by the antiquity of its various quarters, among them El Pópulo, La Viña, and Santa María, which present a marked contrast to the newer areas of town. While the Old City's street plan consists of narrow winding alleys connecting large plazas, newer areas of Cadiz typically have wide avenues and more modern buildings. Also, the city is dotted with numerous parks where exotic plants flourish, including giant trees supposedly brought to Spain by Columbus from the New World.

History

Cádiz is the oldest continuously inhabited city in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in all southwestern Europe. Traditionally, its founding is dated to 1104 BC.
The city was originally founded by the Phoenicians from Tyre, who called it Gadir. Over the years the city changed hands (and names!) many times. It was inhabited by the Romans, destroyed by the Visigoths, rebuilt by the Byzantines, and occupied by the Moors until they were removed in 1262 AD by the Spanish.
Christopher Columbus sailed from Cádiz on his second and fourth voyages, and the city later became the home port of the Spanish treasure fleet.
In the 18th century, it became one of Spain's greatest and most cosmopolitan cities and home to trading communities from many countries. Many of today's historic buildings in the Old City date from this era.
In recent years, the city has undergone much reconstruction. Many monuments, cathedrals, and landmarks have been cleaned and restored, adding to the charm of this ancient city.

Climate

Cádiz has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa) with very mild to warm winters and warm to hot summers. The city has significant maritime influences due to its position on a narrow peninsula. Amongst any European city, Cádiz has the second warmest winters, after Algeciras in the south of Cádiz province. The annual sunshine hours of Cádiz are above 3000h, being one of the sunniest cities in Europe. Although summer nights are tropical in nature, daytime temperatures are comparatively subdued compared to nearby inland areas such as Jerez and the very hot far inland areas in Andalucia. Snowfall is unknown at least since the XIX century, being the least snowy place in Europe.

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Text is available under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0

Cadiz, Spain: Port Information


Cruise ships arrive at the port of Cadis and dock at the Alfonso pier. It is within easy walking distance of the old city/downtown. 
The main square Plaza se San Juan de Dios is right across the street. All main attractions can be covered on foot.
Passengers also can take day trips to Seville (about two hours by bus) or Jerez De La Frontera (less than 1 hour by bus). There are frequent commuter ferries to Rota and El Puerto de Santa Maria.

Get around Cadiz, Spain


The old town can be easily walked, and it is not easy to ride a car along its twisting alleys. There are 5 bus routes which tour the town and all start and finish at old and new towns, going in a loop. The most useful for visitors is number 1, which goes from the old town (Plaza de España) to the southern end of the new town (Cortadura) along the main avenue.

Number 7 follows the open sea coastline and links all the urban beaches.

No bus route goes deep into the old town but just surrounds it.

What to see in Cadiz, Spain


Cadiz is said to be the oldest city in western Europe, as it was founded by Phoenician sailors about 3.000 years ago, as a commercial stronghold. Archeological remains can be found all around the old town. The Archeological Museum (Plaza de Mina) exhibits are interesting, especially two Phoenician stone sarcophagi. The remains of the Roman theatre, just behind the Old Cathedral, are also worth a visit.
The massive stone walls and forts surrounding the old town were built after the British naval attack and sacking in 1596 (the "singeing of the Spanish King's beard," in the words of the British commander, Sir Francis Drake), and the forts of

San Sebastian

and

Santa Catalina

(and occasionally Baluarte de la Concepcion) are open to the public.
Everyone should visit the Cathedral in the old town and climb to the top of the North Tower for a nice view of the entire city.
The

church Oratorio de San Felipe Neri

, where the first Spanish Constitution was signed, has plenty of marble and bronze plates to honor the representatives from mainland Spain and colonial territories, ranging from the Philippines Islands to Central and South America.
The Torre Tavira, near the Central Market (Mercado de Abastos), holds a "camera obscura." Located in one of the towers originally used by merchants to watch out for their ships returning home from the Americas, it provides a birds-eye view of the old part of town.
The Central Market itself is well worth a visit in the morning, especially the fish section.
A modern monument of Cadiz is the huge pylons of the powerline crossing the bay of Cadiz. These 150 meter high pylons are lattice towers with the cylindrical cross-section.

What to do in Cadiz, Spain


Enjoy the best sunset in Spain at 'Playa de la Caleta' at the northern end of the old town. The main beaches (Santa Maria del Mar, Victoria, and Cortadura) start at the edge of the old town, continue all along the new town, and on alongside the road to San Fernando. In total some 10 km of the widest, cleanest beaches you will find in Europe, with safe bathing from around May to October. The summer heat is usually tempered by an Atlantic breeze, although on days when the Levante blows beware of flying sand.
Victoria Beach is short bus ride (number 7 or number 2) away from the old town and is beautiful with clean water and lots of activities including beach football and volleyball, surfing and kite flying all available.
Another worth visiting places hidden in Cadiz is Andalusí Market. In this market, many local artists display their original products. From herbal soaps to 21 different types of Spanish empanadilla, teas, and spices from Morocco, potters making the famous Andalusian pottery on the spot, to name a few. It is organized by Institución Ferial de Cádiz (Africa) every year for 3 days in August to promote local craftsmen business. One can find all the typical Spanish food delicacies served here at a reasonable price. This year it was held on 17,18,19 August 2012 in the neighborhood of El Pópulo. The dates may vary every year depending on the weekend.

Events

Do not miss Carnaval in Cadiz, one of the oldest and best in Spain often cited as the third biggest Carnaval celebration in the world. Usually in February, the weekend before Ash Wednesday is consistently the loudest and most eventful so be sure to check the calendar. Singing, dancing, and costumes run for the whole week. Informal groups (chirigotas, cuartetos, coros, comparsas, and romanceros) sing at the old town streets, usually with strong critics on local, national and international politics, the jet set, and just about anything/anybody, up to the Royal Family. Make your travel plans early as most accommodation gets booked months in advance and be prepared to spend almost double for the week of Carnaval. One way to experience Carnaval on the dime, and perhaps the preferred way of Andalusian locals, is to board an afternoon train heading to Cadiz, spend the night singing and dancing, then catch the first train back in the morning. Expect singing, dancing, costumes and drinking on all trains. Sleeping on the public beach is also another popular option, though be sure to bring a blanket or sleeping bag, both of which can be stored in lockers at the train station; expect company and use common sense.

Semana Santa (Easter or Holy Week) is less formal than in Sevilla, and probably more authentic and emotive an experience for that.

What to eat and drink in Cadiz, Spain


Eat

In Cadiz, you will find some of the best and freshest fish and shellfish in the world. They are best eaten as simply cooked as possible: plainly boiled shellfish (in varying sizes from tiny prawns up to lobsters), grilled or baked whole fish such as lubina (bass) or dorada (bream), or deep-fried with a light flour coating (especially puntillitas (baby squid) and boquerones (anchovies)).
To eat not too expensive fish and shellfish, you can look at Calle Zorrilla (several tapas bars and street vendors) or Calle de la Palma (several restaurants with open-air terraces).
For a splurge, the best place in town is Restaurante El Faro (Calle San Félix. But even here food can be not very expensive if you stand at the bar and eat only tapas.
  • Balandro, Alameda de Apodaca, 22, ☎ +34 956 22 09 92. open 13:00 - 16:00 and 20:00 - 24:00. Modern bar with good food typical of Cadiz. It is extremely cheap, and the quantities are generous. It's located on the coastline, and as such, they seem to get the pick of the fish that comes in every day. 
  • El Merodio, C/Libertad 4.  
  • El Faro, Calle San Felix 15.  
  • El Gaucho (Calle de Murquia). Opened in May 2011 but has already forged a name as the best steak restaurant in the town.
  • Cumbres Mayore (Calle Zorilla). Best Tapas in town with a focus on the famous Iberican hams and meats.
  • Casa Hidalgo, Plaza de la Catedral, 8. A great bakery that specializes in Galician empanadas (try the Empanada de Atún - sounds bad, tastes delicious), but also have great pastries of all kinds. Locals flock to this local institution for the scrumptious ensaimadas, salvavidas, and brazos de gitano. 
  • La Sidrería de El Pópulo, Calle Mesón número 16, esquina con San Antonio Abad, ☎ +34 856922078. Located in the historic El Pópulo district, this is Cádiz´s sole cider house. Specializing is sidra from Asturias and dishes from all over the north of Spain, a great place to eat if you´re tired of only Andalusian fare.
  • Restaurante Café Royalty (restaurante cafe royalty), Plaza de la Candelaria S/N, 11005 Cádiz, España (Cafe Royalty is located in the historic center of the city of Cadiz, in the corner of the Plaza de la Candelaria with Obispo Urquinaona street.), ☎ +34 956 078 065

Drink

Fino, a (16% alcohol) bone dry sherry (or Jerez), or manzanilla, a similar wine from Sanlucar de Barrameda, is the perfect aperitif with olives or a prawn or two. Drinking more than a couple of glasses may spoil your focus on the rest of the meal. The best local white wine (and one of the most popular in Spain) is Barbadillo, made from the same grape but considerably lighter (11%). You should visit Taberna de la Manzanilla, one of the oldest bars and wine merchants in town, selling nothing but sherry wines. No tapas but just 2 complimentary olives per glass of wine. Forget about local red wine. Quality is far below other Spanish areas producing red wines, such as Rioja or Ribera de Duero.
  • Bar Cuba, Calle de Murquia. Owner Richard is a bit of a local legend after naming his bar after his wife's nationality. You'll find a good deal of cocktails and beers.
  • Woodstock. A good mix of locals and ERASMUS students in here. They offer deals midweek, and a bar crawl runs from 11 PM on Tuesday and Wednesday, although the turnout isn't always fantastic 
  • O'Connels. Wherever you go, there's always an Irish bar, and Cadiz is no exception. Will show most of the major UK soccer games if you fancy catching it, although beer here is pricier as it's imported.
  • Bar Nahu. The main haunt for internationals during the weekdays and weekends. Closes late (around 3 PM) and is exceptionally cheap. You'll get lots of English speakers in here, especially around the end of September/start of October as that's when the ERASMUS scheme arrives and people like to get to know people
  • SPAM! Club. This is usually where the Nahu frequenters end up after Nahu. More expensive but open till 7 AM 
  • Imaginarium. Only open on Thursday/Friday/Saturday and located closer to the new town, but you'll find some famous acts going on if you're lucky and is always jam-packed.

Shopping in Cadiz, Spain


Standard souvenirs can be found at several shops in Calle Pelota, Calle Compañía, Calle San Francisco and Plaza de Candelaria.

Safety in Cadiz, Spain


In general, Cadiz is safe. However, you should always use your common sense like in any other city. 
Be aware of pickpockets. Avoid crowded places. Watch your purse/bag. Don't demonstrate your wealth. 
Don't forget your hat, sunscreen, and drinking water.

Language spoken in Cadiz, Spain


Spanish is the official language. English is widely spoken in tourist places.

LOCAL TIME

6:39 pm
October 23, 2019
Europe/Madrid

CURRENT WEATHER

19.42 °C / 66.956 °F
scattered clouds
Thu

17.59 °C/64 °F
scattered clouds
Fri

20.4 °C/69 °F
sky is clear
Sat

21.12 °C/70 °F
overcast clouds
Sun

21.28 °C/70 °F
scattered clouds

LOCAL CURRENCY

EUR

1 USD = 0 EUR
1 GBP = 0 EUR
1 AUD = 0 EUR
1 CAD = 0 EUR

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