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Cagliari (Sardinia), Italy

Cagliari is an Italian municipality and the capital of the island of Sardinia, an autonomous region of Italy. Cagliari's Sardinian name Casteddu means castle. It has nearly 150,000 inhabitants, while its metropolitan area (including Cagliari and 15 other municipalities) has more than 422,000 inhabitants. Cagliari is the 26th largest city in Italy and the largest city on the island of Sardinia.

An ancient city with a long history, Cagliari has seen the rule of several civilizations. Under the buildings of the modern city, there is a continuous stratification attesting to a human settlement over the course of some five thousand years, from the Neolithic to today. Historical sites include the prehistoric domus de janas, very damaged by cave activity, a large Carthaginian era necropolis, a Roman era amphitheater, a Byzantine basilica, three Pisan-era towers... Read more

Cagliari (Sardinia), Italy

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Cagliari is an Italian municipality and the capital of the island of Sardinia, an autonomous region of Italy. Cagliari's Sardinian name Casteddu means castle. It has nearly 150,000 inhabitants, while its metropolitan area (including Cagliari and 15 other municipalities) has more than 422,000 inhabitants. Cagliari is the 26th largest city in Italy and the largest city on the island of Sardinia.

An ancient city with a long history, Cagliari has seen the rule of several civilizations. Under the buildings of the modern city, there is a continuous stratification attesting to a human settlement over the course of some five thousand years, from the Neolithic to today. Historical sites include the prehistoric domus de janas, very damaged by cave activity, a large Carthaginian era necropolis, a Roman era amphitheater, a Byzantine basilica, three Pisan-era towers and a strong system of fortification that made the town the core of Spanish Habsburg imperial power in the western Mediterranean Sea. Its natural resources have always been its sheltered harbor, the often powerfully fortified hill of Monti Castru, the modern Casteddu, the salt from its lagoons, and, from the hinterland, wheat from the Campidano plain and silver and other ores from the Iglesiente mines.

Cagliari was the capital of the Kingdom of Sardinia from 1324 to 1848, when Turin became the formal capital of the kingdom (which in 1861 became the Kingdom of Italy). Today the city is a regional cultural, educational, political and artistic center, known for its diverse Art Nouveau architecture and several monuments. It is also Sardinia's economic and industrial hub, having one of the biggest ports in the Mediterranean Sea, an international airport, and the 106th highest income level in Italy (among 8,092 comuni), comparable to that of several northern Italian cities.

It is also the seat of the

University of Cagliari

, founded in 1607, and of the Primate Roman Catholic archdiocese of Sardinia, since the 5th century AD.

History

Early history

Cagliari has been inhabited since ancient times. It occupies a favorable position between the sea and a fertile plain and is surrounded by two swamps (which aids defense against attacks from the inland). There are high mountains nearby, to which people could evacuate if the settlement had to be given up. Relics of prehistoric inhabitants were found in the hill of Monte Claro (Monte Claro culture) and in Cape Sant'Elia (several domus de janas).

Karalis was established around the 8th/7th century BC as one of a string of Phoenician colonies in Sardinia, including Tharros. Its founding is linked to its position along communication routes with Africa as well as to its excellent port. The Phoenician settlement was located in the Stagno di Santa Gilla, west of the present center of Cagliari. This was also the site of the Roman Portus Scipio, and when Arab pirates raided the area in the 8th century, it became the refuge for people fleeing from the city. Other Phoenician settlements have been found at Cape Sant'Elia.

In the 5th century, BC Carthage took control of Sardinia, and Cagliari grew substantially under their domination, as testified by the large

Tuvixeddu necropolis

and other remains. Cagliari was a fortified settlement in what is now the modern Marina quarter, with an annexed holy area in the modern Stampace.

Sardinia and Cagliari came under Roman rule in 238 BC when the Romans defeated the Carthaginians. No mention of it is found on the occasion of the Roman conquest of the island, but during the Second Punic War, it was the headquarters of the praetor, T. Manlius, from whence he conducted his operations against Hampsicora and the Carthaginians. At other times it was also the Romans' chief naval station on the island, and the residence of the praetor.

Florus calls it the urbs urbinum, or capital of Sardinia, and represents it as taken and severely punished by Gracchus, but this statement is wholly at variance with Livy's account of the wars of Gracchus, in Sardinia, according to which the cities were faithful to Rome, and the revolt was confined to the mountain tribes. In the Civil War between Caesar and Pompey, the citizens of Caralis were the first to declare in favor of the former, an example soon followed by the other cities of Sardinia; and Caesar himself touched there with his fleet on his return from Africa. A few years later, when Sardinia fell into the hands of Menas, the lieutenant of Sextus Pompeius, Caralis was the only city which offered any resistance but was taken after a short siege.

Cagliari continued to be regarded as the capital of the island under the Roman Empire, and though it did not become a colony, obtained the status of Municipium.

Remains of Roman public buildings were found to the west of Marina in Piazza del Carmine. There was an area of ordinary housing near the modern Via Roma and richer houses on the slopes of the Marina distinct. The amphitheater is located to the west of the Castello.

A Christian community is attested in Cagliari at least as early as the 3rd century, and by the end of that century, the city had a Christian bishop. In the middle decades of the 4th-century bishop, Lucifer of Cagliari was exiled because of his opposition to the sentence against Athanasius of Alexandria at the Synod of Milan. He was banished to the desert of Thebais by the emperor Constantius II.

Claudian describes the ancient city of Karalis as extending to a considerable length towards the promontory or headland, the projection of which sheltered its port. The port affords good anchorage for large vessels, but besides this, which is only a well-sheltered standby, there is a large salt-water lake or lagoon, called the Stagno di Cagliari, adjoining the city and communicating by a narrow channel with the bay, which appears from Claudian to have been used in ancient times as an inner harbor or basin. The promontory adjoining the city is that noticed by Ptolemy (Κάραλις πόλις καὶ ἄκρα), but the Caralitanum Promontorium of Pliny can be no other than the headland, now called Capo Carbonara, which forms the eastern boundary of the Gulf of Cagliari and the southeast point of the whole island. Immediately off it lay the little island of Ficaria, now called the Isola dei Cavoli.

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire Cagliari fell, together with the rest of Sardinia, into the hands of the Vandals, but appears to have retained its importance throughout the Middle Ages.

Giudicato of Cagliari

Subsequently ruled by the Vandals and then part of the Byzantine Empire, Cagliari became the capital of a gradually independent giudicato. However, there is some evidence that during this period of independence from external rule, the city was deserted because it was too exposed to attacks by Moorish pirates coming from North Africa and Spain. Many people left Caralis and founded a new town named Santa Igia in an area close to the Santa Gilla swamp to the west of Cagliari, but relatively distant from the sea. The giudicato of Cagliari comprised a large area of the Campidano plain, the mineral resources of the Iglesiente region and the mountain region of Ogliastra.

11th to 13th century

During the 11th century, the Republic of Pisa began to extend its political influence over the giudicato of Cagliari. Pisa and the maritime republic of Genoa had a keen interest in Sardinia because it was a perfect strategic base for controlling the commercial routes between Italy and North Africa.

In 1215 the Pisan Lamberto Visconti, giudice of Gallura, forced Torchitorio IV of Cagliari and his wife Benedetta to give him the mount located east of Santa Igia. Soon (1216–17) Pisan merchants established there a new fortified city, known as Castel di Castro, which can be considered the ancestor of the modern city of Cagliari. Some of the fortifications that still surround the current district of Castello were built by the Pisans, including the two remaining white limestone towers designed by the architect Giovanni Capula. Together with the district of Castello, Castel di Castro comprised the districts of Marina (which included the port), and later Stampace and Villanova. Marina and Stampace were guarded by walls, in contrast to Villanova, which was mostly home to peasants.

In 1258, after the defeat of William III, the last giudice of Cagliari, the Pisans and their Sardinian allies (Arborea, Gallura, and Logudoro) destroyed the old capital of Santa Igia. The giudicato of Cagliari was divided into three parts: the northwest third went to Gallura; the central portion was incorporated into Arborea; Sulcis and Iglesiente, on the southwest, were given to the Pisan della Gherardesca family, while the Republic of Pisa maintained control over its colony of Castel di Castro.

14th to 17th centuries

During the 14th century, the Crown of Aragon conquered Cagliari (Castel di Castro) after a battle against the Pisans. When Sardinia was finally conquered by the Catalan-Aragonese army, Cagliari (Castel de Càller or simply Càller in Catalan) became the administrative capital of the newborn Kingdom of Sardinia, one of the many kingdoms forming the Crown of Aragon, which later came under the rule of the Spanish Empire. Due to the increasing importance of the Americas within the Spanish Empire, Sardinia and Cagliari lost importance.

The kings of Aragon and later the kings of Spain were represented in Cagliari by a viceroy.

18th century

In 1718, after a brief rule by the Austrian Habsburgs, Cagliari and Sardinia came under the House of Savoy. As rulers of Sardinia, the Savoys took the title of kings of the Sardinian kingdom. During the Savoyard Era, until 1848, the institutions of the Sardinian kingdom remained unchanged, but with the "perfect fusion" in that year, all the possessions of the House of Savoy House, comprising Savoy, Nice (now part of France), Piedmont and from 1815 Liguria, were merged into a unitary state. Although Sardinian by name, the kingdom had its parliament in Turin, where the Savoys resided, and its members were mainly aristocrats from Piedmont or the mainland.

In the late 18th century during the Napoleonic wars France tried to conquer Cagliari because of its strategic role in the Mediterranean sea. A French army landed on

Poetto beach

and advanced towards Cagliari, but the French were defeated by Sardinians who had decided to defend themselves against the revolutionary army. The people of Cagliari hoped to receive some concession from the Savoys in return for their defense of the town. For example, aristocrats from Cagliari asked for a Sardinian representative in the parliament of the kingdom. When the Savoyards refused any concession to the Sardinians, the inhabitants of Cagliari rose up against them and expelled all the representatives of the kingdom along with the Piedmontese rulers. This insurgence is celebrated in Cagliari during Sa Die de sa Sardigna ("The day of Sardinia") on the last weekend of April. However, the Savoys regained control of the town after a brief period of autonomous rule.

Modern age

Starting in the 1870s, in the wake of the unification of Italy, the city experienced a century of rapid growth. Many buildings were erected by the end of the 19th century during the term of office of mayor Ottone Bacaredda. Numerous buildings combined influences from Art Nouveau together with the traditional Sardinian taste for floral decoration; an example is the white marble City Hall near the port. Bacaredda is also known for his strong repression of one of the earliest worker strikes at the beginning of the 20th century.

During the Second World War Cagliari was heavily bombed by the Allies in February 1943. To escape from the danger of bombardments and difficult living conditions, many people were evacuated from the city into the countryside.

After the Italian armistice with the Allies in September 1943, the German Army took control of Cagliari and the island but soon retreated peacefully to reinforce their positions in mainland Italy. The American Army then took control of Cagliari. Airports near the city (Elmas, Monserrato, Decimomannu, currently a NATO airbase) were used by Allied aircraft to fly to North Africa or mainland Italy and Sicily.

After the war, the population of Cagliari grew again, and many apartment blocks and recreational areas were erected in new residential districts, often with poor planning.

Economy

Tourism is one of the major industries of the city, although historical venues such as its monumental Middle Ages and Early modern period defence system, its Carthaginian, Roman and Byzantine ruins are less highlighted compared to the recreational beaches and coastline. Cruise ships touring the Mediterranean often stop for passengers at Cagliari, and the city is a traffic hub to the nearby beaches of Villasimius, Chia, Pula, and Costa Rei, as well as to the urban beach of Poettu. Pula is home to the archaeological site of the Punic and Roman city of Nora. Especially in summer many clubs and pubs are goals for young locals and tourists. Pubs and night-clubs are concentrated in the Corso Vittorio Emanuele II, a narrow street in Stampace district, in the Marina district, near the port, and in the Castello district, The clubs are mostly to befound on the Poetto Beach (in summer) or in Viale Marconi (in winter). In Cagliari, there are 180 B&B and 22 hotels that totals 3,300 beds. There are many others hotels in the seaside resort of his gulf.

Culture

The city has numerous libraries and is also home to the State Archive, containing thousand of handwritten documents from the foundation of the Kingdom of Sardinia (1325 AD) to the present. In addition to numerous local and university department libraries, the most important libraries are the old University Library, with thousands of ancient books, the Provincial Library, the Regional Library, and the Mediateca of the Mediterranean, which contains the municipal archive and library collection.

In the first century B.C. a famous singer and musician from Cagliari, Tigellius, lived in Rome and was satirized by Cicero and Horace. The history of Sardinian literature begins in Cagliari in the first century A.D. In the funerary monument of Atilia Pomptilla, carved into the rock of the necropolis of Tuvixeddu, poems are engraved in Greek and Latin dedicated to his dead wife. Some of them, particularly those in the Greek language, have literary merit.

The first Sardinian literary author known was Bishop Lucifer of Cagliari, who wrote severe pamphlets against the Arian heresyin the fourth century A.D. Only in the eleventh century A.D. did the first texts of an administrative nature appear in the modern Sardinian language, together with hagiographs of local martyrs written in Latin.

Life in Cagliari has been depicted by many writers, starting with the late Roman poet Claudian. In the late 16th century, the local humanist Roderigo Hunno Baeza dedicated to his town a didactic Latin poem, Caralis Panegyricus. At the beginning of the 17th century, Juan Francisco Carmona wrote a hymn to Cagliari in Spanish; Jacinto Arnal De Bolea published in 1636, in Spanish, the first novel set in Cagliari, entitled El Forastero. David Herbert Lawrence wrote about the city in his Sea and Sardinia.

Modern writers connected to Cagliari include Giuseppe Dessì, Giulio Angioni, Giorgio Todde, and Sergio Atzeni, who set many of his novels and short stories, such as Bakunin's Son, in ancient and modern Cagliari.

Cagliari was the birthplace or residence of the composer Ennio Porrino, of the film, theatre and TV director Nanni Loy, and of the actors Gianni Agus, Amedeo Nazzari and Pier Angeli (born Anna Maria Pierangeli).

Excluding the Roman-era amphitheater, the first theater was inaugurated in Cagliari in 1767: the Teatro Zapata, later becoming the Civic Theatre. Devastated by bombing in 1943, it was recently restored, but the roof was not rebuilt, and today it serves as an open-air theatre. The Politeama Regina Margherita, inaugurated in 1859, was destroyed by fire in 1942 and never rebuilt.

Although opera had, and in part still has, a solid tradition the city, it was left without a true theater until 1993 when a new opera house, the Teatro Lirico, was inaugurated. Inside there is a music compound with a music conservatory with its auditorium and a music park. Cagliari is and was home to opera singers such as the tenors Giovanni Matteo Mario (Giovanni Matteo De Candia, 1810-1883) and Piero Schiavazzi (1875–1949), the baritone Angelo Romero (born 1940), the contralto Bernadette Manca di Nissa, born 1954 and the soprano Giusy Devinu (1960–2007). The Italian pop singer Marco Carta was also born in Cagliari, in 1985.

The old Teatro Massimo was only recently renovated and is now the seat of the Teatro Stabile of Sardinia. The Municipal Auditorium, in the former 17th-century church of Santa Teresa, is the seat of the Scuola di Arte Drammatica (School of Dramatic Art) di Cagliari, while the Teatro delle Saline ("Saltworks Theatre"), is home of Akroama, Teatro Stabile di Innovazione ("Permanent Theater of Innovation").

Finally, some comic and satirical theater companies are active in the city, the most well known being the "Compagnia Teatrale Lapola," which offers an urban version of the traditional campidanese comic theater.

Founded by Bepi Vigna, Antonio Serra, and Michele Medda, a comic book school, the Centro Internazionale del Fumetto ("Comic Strip International Centre") has been active for several decades. Its founders invented and designed the comic characters Nathan Never and Legs Weaver.


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Cagliari (Sardinia), Italy: Port Information


Cruise ships dock at the port of Cagliari. The center of the town is around 15 minutes walk. If you don't want to walk, there is a free shuttle bus from your cruise ship to the Piazza Matteotti.  

Get around Cagliari (Sardinia), Italy


By public transportation

Cagliari Public Transportation CTM provides an fast and efficient service to get around in Cagliari city and suburbs. There are about 30 lines of buses, and four new metro lines are in progress. At least the bus traffic is amazingly efficient and reliable to Italian standards. It is advised to buy tickets from automatic vending machines or tobacco-shops ("Tabacchi") or newsstands ("Edicola") before getting on the bus. Some cafe/bars also sell tickets ("biglietti"). Look for a "CTM" sign for an establishment that sells tickets. Remember to validate your ticket once on board.

There is a light rail service in Cagliari known by its commercial name "Metrocagliari." Presently it serves in between the stops 'Repubblica' and 'Policlinico Universitaria.' Presently, the tram line does not serve the area of popular tourist attractions. Take note that the 'CTM ticket' is not valid on the tram as it is operated by 'ARST Gestione FdS.'

By taxi

Taxis are available in very few specific taxi stands or by advanced booking over the telephone (Quattro Mori: 070 400101 and Rossoblù: 070 6655). As they main attractions are either very close to the city center or very well connected by public transport, taxis are not very essential.

By car

It is really difficult to get parking and drive in rush hour even if the road network has been recently improved.

On foot

The best thing you can do is walk through the old city and discover it. Almost everything you have to see in a quick visit to Cagliari can be joined by a pleasant little walk.

Wear comfortable shoes, though. The old town of Cagliari lies on a somewhat steep hill so that you will be walking uphill or downhill most of the time.

There are clean public toilets in the building on the Pontile Sanita ferry wharf, near the bus terminal.

By bike

The Cagliari bike station is in the center of Cagliari, inside the parking area, at the train station. Please take note that Cagliari is a hilly city and biking in the historic center can be tiresome. Also, in most of the parts of Cagliari, there are no specific bike lanes.

What to see in Cagliari (Sardinia), Italy


History and architecture

Most of the historic and architectural attractions in Cagliari are very close to the main city center (Via Roma/Piazza Yenne) can be covered on foot.
  • Santuario e Basilica di Bonaria is worth a visit. The complex consists of a sanctuary, a basilica, and a cemetery. You can either walk from the port or take buses numbered 5, 31, 30, PF, PQ. Line 5 takes you in front of the church. The other lines take you 200m away from the complex.
  • Bastione di Saint Remy is very popular for the beautiful panoramic view of the city. Can be pretty noisy in the evening, thanks to a popular cafe located on the piazza at the top, but very quiet and tranquil in the morning. After you've enjoyed the view below, don't forget to go even higher and explore the streets and piazzas there.
  • Chiesa di Santa Maria
  • Torre di San Pancrazio and Torre dell'Elefante are both typical examples of Pisan military architecture. These towers provide a great view of the city, the port area, and the distant mountains.
  • Chiesa di San Michele is located at the end of via Azuni, 5min walk from Piazza Yenne.
  • Castello di San Michele was built in the XII century and located on one of the beautiful hills in Cagliari city. The San Michele castle offers an interesting story and a beautiful view to his visitors.
  • Considerable remains of the ancient city are still visible at Cagliari, including those of the Roman Amphitheatre, traditionally called Is centu scalas ("One hundred steps"), carved into a block of rock (the typical limestone from which Cagliari is built), and of an aqueduct, used to provide a water in which it is generally scarce.

Museums

  • Museo Archeologico Nazionale
  • Cittadella dei Musei
  • Capitol arte contemporanea
  • Museums and galleries

Parks

  • Parco Naturale Molentargius-Saline
  • Orto Botanico

What to do in Cagliari (Sardinia), Italy


Beach

  • Poetto: is a 8 km long beach that will excite you and is perfectly equipped to satisfy every your wish. You can get there by buses PF, PQ, 3P, PE and 9P.
The beach is divided into the free parts and the beach clubs, the latter charging you with an entry fee but rent umbrellas, deck chairs, etc. for you. The club beaches clean the sand each night and provide you with showers and toilets.
  • Calamosca is a smaller but very beautiful beach which can be reached by bus 5/11. Take note that during the peak season, the beach gets very crowded so plan to get there earlier.

Day trips

Sardinia is land of natural beauty with exciting places with historic interests. There are many beautiful places worthy of a day trip. In many cases, there is no efficient public transport system to reach these places, and so, you have to rent a car. Also, there are many companies that conduct day trips at affordable prices.
  • Isola di San Pietro or San Pietro Island is an island is of volcanic origin. With 51 square kilometers (19.7 sq mi) it is the sixth largest island of Italy by area. The island is connected by regular ferry service to Portovesme and Calasetta.
  • Villasimius is a municipality in the Province of Cagliari, located about 35 kilometers (22 mi) east of Cagliari. It is famous for its beautiful beaches. Most important beaches of the area are Porto Sa Ruxi, Piscadeddus, Campus, Cala caterina, Cala Burroni, Porto Giunco, Timi Ama, Simius, Punta Molentis, Spiaggia del Riso.
  • Chia is popular for its beautiful beaches.
  • Cala Domestica is another small but beautiful beach.
  • Barumini is a municipality in the Province of Medio Campidano, located about 50 kilometers (31 mi) north of Cagliari and about 15 kilometers (9 mi) northeast of Sanluri. It is home to Su Nuraxi di Barumini, a Nuraghe complex listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
  • Nora is an ancient Roman and pre-Roman town placed on a peninsula near Pula, near to Cagliari. According to legend, Nora was founded by a group of Iberians from Tartessus led by Norax, a mythological hero son of Eriteide and the god Hermes. It is believed to be the first town founded in Sardinia and to have been settled by the ancient Sherden or the Nuraghi people, and later colonized by Phoenicians
  •  

Museums

  • Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Cagliari, Piazza Indipendenza 7, ☎ +39 070 684000, e-mail: sba-ca@beniculturali.it. Tu-Su 09:00-18:00. National Archaeological Museum of Cagliari. €5.
  • Galleria Comunale d'Arte, viale San Vincenzo, 2 (Giardini Pubblici). Sep-May T-Su 10:00-18:00; Jun-Aug T-Su 10:00-20:00. The art gallery of Cagliari hosts paintings and sculptures from the period between the 19th and 20th centuries. It also includes a so-called Stanze del Collezionista (Collector's Rooms), the Collezione d'Arte Francesco Paolo Ingrao (Collection of Art Francesco Paolo Ingrao) which contains works of art in the period between mid-20th century towards the 1980s. €6; combined ticket €8 (Museo d'arte simaese + Palazzo di Città + Galleria Comunale d'arte). 
  • Museo d'Arte Siamese "Stefano Cardu," Piazza Arsenale, 1. Hold a collection of the Oriental art from 15th to 19th centuries.
  • Pinacoteca Nazionale. Houses a collection of 16th-20th centuries paintings by Sardinian artists, 15th-18th centuries paintings of the Genoese, Neapolitan and Roman schools, a collection of Sardinian and Catalan altarpieces. 
  • Museo delle cere anatomic Clemente Susini (The Clemente Susini Collection of wax models of the University of Cagliari), Piazza Arsenale, 1. Tu-Su: 09:00-13:00, 16:00-19:00. A collection of the wax models of the parts of the (not only) human body.
  • Centro Comunale d’Arte e Cultura Il Ghetto (Comunial Centre for Art and Culture of the Ghetto), Via Santa Croce 18, ☎ +39 070 6670190. Tu-Su 10:00-21:00. Displays about artichecture and city planning. Nothing about the ghetto. Free. 

Parks

  • 7 Giardini pubblici, largo Dessì. The 1st public park of the city dates back to the 1st half of the 19th century. There are about centenarian 60 trees there. 
  • 8 Orto Botanico di Cagliari (HBK -- Hortus Botanicus Karalitanus). Apr-Oct: Tu-Su 09:00-18:00. €4.
  • 9 Orto dei Cappuccini (Garden of the Capuchins), Vico I Merello. 08:00-20:00. The garden was founded In 1595 by the Capuchin friars on the hill to the west of the ruins of the Roman amphitheater.

What to eat and drink in Cagliari (Sardinia), Italy


Eat

There are many restaurants in the old town area, and you probably will not make a bad selection anyway since the food seems to be top class at least if you enjoy seafood. A dinner for two with little house wine.

There are also a few places to enjoy lunch salads at the Piazza Yenne and wonderful Gelaterias if you don't want to eat too heavily during the day. These places double up as decent eateries by night.
  • l'Oca Bianca, Via Napoli, 38 (Marina District), ☎ 070 664339. A good pizza place tucked away in the side streets. Make a reservation, though. 
  • Glitter, Via dei Genovesi, 22 (Castello area). If you want to taste another kind of typical Italian food, try piadine at this place. This small café has a unique atmosphere that recalls medieval times with its stone walls, and you can admire a Punic cistern under your feet while tasting delicious piadine.  
  • Trattoria Sa Turra, Via Corso Vittorio Emanuele, 126, ☎ "070. A traditional low-key place to eat that's been serving traditional pasta and seafood dishes since the 1930s. Affordable and friendly.  

Drink

  • Cafe Restaurant Van Gogh, coastal road Cagliari Villasimius km 19,4, ☎ 070 786082. Traditional Sardinian food that is freshly prepared and beautifully presented, afternoon light meals and salads, lunches, and dinners, prix fix lunch menus, facilities for children, good parking. Close to beach

Shopping in Cagliari (Sardinia), Italy


Most of the shops are concentrated in a couple of areas: Via Roma and Largo Carlo Felice, the pedestrian roads Via Manno and Via Garibaldi, and the part of town around Via Alghero, Via Paoli and Via Dante. Lots of beautiful shops are concentrated in this areas which could remind you of Copenhagen's Strøget.

Safety in Cagliari (Sardinia), Italy


In general, Cagliari is a very safe city in comparison to many touristic places in Europe. Most of the pubs and bars are located around 'Piazza Yenne' in the city center. This place is quite safe and lively even very late at night. Try to avoid small dark alleyways and deserted small streets.

Language spoken in Cagliari (Sardinia), Italy


The native language of Cagliari, declared official along with Italian, is Sardinian (sardu), a Romance language, specifically the Campidanese dialect (campidanesu) in its local variant (casteddaju).

The variant of Cagliari in its high register has traditionally represented the linguistic model of reference for the entire southern area of the island, and the high social variant used by the middle class in the whole Campidanese domain, as well as the literary model of reference for writers and poets. This language is less spoken by the younger generations in the city, who use Italian instead as that language is compulsory in education and the mass media. Italian has increasingly become predominant in social relations, both formal and informal, relegating Sardinian to a mostly marginal role in everyday life. Young people often have only passive competence in the language, gathered from elderly relatives who still speak it, as their parents often speak only Italian, or they may use a juvenile slang (italianu porceddinu) that mixes both Sardinian and Italian.

Since Cagliari was the metropolis of the ancient Roman province, it absorbed innovations coming from Rome, Carthage, and Constantinople, and its language probably reflected late Latin urban dialects of the 5th-century core cities of the empire.

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June 20, 2019
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http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 ||| Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Poetto, Cagliari (Sardinia), Italy
Average: 10 (10 votes)

Poetto is Cagliari's main beach. It stretches for about eight kilometers, from Sella del Diavolo (the Devil's Saddle) up to the coastline of Quartu...
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ ||| Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Shrine of Our Lady of Bonaria, Cagliari (Sardinia), Italy
Average: 9.4 (10 votes)

The Shrine of Our Lady of Bonaria also known as Our Lady of Fair Winds is a Marian title associated with the Blessed Virgin Mary as Star of the Sea...
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/de/deed.en ||| Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 de Cagliari Cathedral, (Sardinia), Italy
Average: 9.9 (10 votes)

Cagliari Cathedral, or the Cathedral of St. Mary and St. Cecilia (Italian: Duomo di Cagliari, Cattedrale di Santa Maria e Santa Cecilia) is a Roman...
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 ||| Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Stadio Sant'Elia, Cagliari (Sardinia), Italy
Average: 9.3 (10 votes)

Stadio Comunale Sant'Elia is a football stadium in Cagliari, Italy. It is best known for having been the home of Cagliari Calcio. It hosted three...
CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1316782 Torre dell'Elefante, Cagliari (Sardinia), Italy
Average: 9.7 (10 votes)

The Torre dell'Elefante (Italian: "Tower of the Elephant") is a medieval tower in Cagliari, southern Sardinia, Italy. It is located in the Castello...
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0 ||| Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Stadio Is Arenas, Cagliari (Sardinia), Italy
Average: 9.2 (10 votes)

Stadio Comunale "Is Arenas" is a sports stadium in Quartu Sant'Elena, Sardinia, Italy. It is mostly used for football games and was the home venue of...
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Average: 9.6 (10 votes)

The Torre di San Pancrazio is a medieval tower in Cagliari, southern Sardinia, Italy. It is located in the Castello historical quarter of the city...
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 ||| Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 Roman Amphitheatre of Cagliari, (Sardinia), Italy
Average: 9.1 (10 votes)

The Roman Amphitheatre of Cagliari is an ancient Roman amphitheatre, located in the city of Cagliari, southern Sardinia, Italy. The structure, built...
The Basilica of Our Lady of Bonaria, Cagliari (Sardinia), Italy
Average: 9.5 (10 votes)

The Basilica of Our Lady of Bonaria is a Roman Catholic shrine to the Blessed Virgin Mary located in Cagliari, Italy. The Basilica is part of a...
Orto Botanico dell'Universita di Cagliari, (Sardinia), Italy
Average: 9 (10 votes)

The Orto Botanico dell'Università di Cagliari (5 hectares), also known as the Orto Botanico di Cagliari, is a botanical garden operated by the...

Latest travel blogs about Cagliari (Sardinia), Italy




Cheese Production Process In Sardinia


I used to think that the production of cheese is a very complex and lengthy process. However, having arrived in Sardinia, I witnessed a local production of ricotta cheese. It turned out to be different. For those who do not know - ricotta is a traditional Italian dairy product which, unlike most...

As for me, I was bored in Sardinia...I never understood why this island is so popular among the Italian elite. Yes, maybe because the local beaches are the cleanest in Italy, and the water is the most transparent + resort is famous for its respectable hotels, but this is not enough. I didn't feel...
My family and I, we visited Sardinia three years ago. Recently I saw a television program, describing the ancient and unsolved mysteries of the island - about the strange, unusually large tombs of the Giants, without a trace of a vanished nation-builder of stone towers, the nuraghi, and also about...
I was lucky to get to accidentally find this museum. Even though Sanluri city in  Sardinia  was on our way from the west coast to the south. I read in a guidebook that this museum has a wonderful collection (the largest in Europe!) of wax figures throughout the years 1500-1800. And...
I continue my review about  Sardinia . In a couple of days, we went to the very south of the island, to the capital of  Cagliari . The weather was sunny; 71-77F (22-25C) The city made quite a good impression. Especially when we started getting acquainted with the city from the quay...
Let me tell you about beaches of  Cagliari . I definitely did not like the urban beach. Although it seemed to be very popular among locals because of the reluctance to go anywhere else...the beach is called  Poetto . The beach was very long and rather monotonous. Along...