History and museums
The Costanera Center is a business and commercial complex that includes a six-floor shopping mall, the Gran Torre Santiago and three other skyscrapers - two high-end hotels and an office building. The complex is located in the commune of Providencia, Santiago, Chile, and is owned by the holding Cencosud. The tallest of the four buildings, the Gran Torre Santiago, was designed by architect César Pelli and is 300 metres (980 ft) tall, making it the tallest building in Latin America and the second tallest in the Southern Hemisphere after Australia's Q1 on the Gold Coast at 322 metres (1,056 ft) tall. Of the two other buildings in the complex, one will be 170 metres (560 ft) high and the other only four stories.
Construction was put on hold in January 2009 as a consequence of the late 2000s recession, as the developers were concerned that they would not be able to find tenants if completed by the originally proposed date. After the recession reached its end, Cencosud announced the construction would resume on December 16, 2009.
The construction process restarted at the end of 2010. On February 14, 2012, the Gran Torre Santiago reached 300 meters and became the tallest building in South and Latin America.
The mall opened on June 12, 2012 and it is the largest in South America. Designed by Canadian retail agency Watt International, the mall has six floors and includes hypermarket: Jumbo , luxury and international fashion stores such as Armani Exchange, Façonnable, Topshop, H&M, Hugo Boss, Banana Republic, Brooks Brothers, Swarovski, Zara, Guess and G-Star Raw, and more than 100 shops including the three largest Chilean department stores, Paris, Falabella and Ripley. It also includes restaurants ranging from fast food to fine dining, a gym on the sixth floor, a cinema, and the first Hard Rock Cafe in the country. It is the first mall in South America to use the "Find Your Car" parking technology by Park Assist.