History and museums
Es Baluard (Catalan pronunciation: əz βəɫuˈart) is the museum of modern and contemporary art of Palma, Majorca, Spain.
Founded on 30 January 2004, Es Baluard exhibits a collection of contemporary art, of Balearic artists or made by those related somehow to the Balearic Islands. In addition of showing the pieces that form the museum's permanent collection, Es Baluard celebrates temporary exhibitions. Since its foundation, Es Baluard has hosted works of Rebecca Horn (2004), Fabrizio Plessi (2004), Picasso (2006), Jaume Plensa (2006), Andy Warhol (2006), Joan Miró (2006 y 2008), Santiago Rusiñol (2007), Anselm Kiefer (2009), Robert Mapplethorpe (2009) and Joana Vasconcelos (2009), Juan Uslé (2010), Alberto García-Alix (2010), Eduardo Arroyo (2011) and Christian Boltanski (2011), among others.
Fundació Es Baluard administers the museum. The foundation is formed by Govern de les Illes Balears (the Balearic Government), Consell de Mallorca (Mallorca Council), Ajuntament de Palma (Palma Municipal Council) and Fundació d’Art Serra. In 2008 was constituted the Acquisitions Commission, which is formed by internal and external experts with the aim of increasing the collection.
Museum Es Baluard is in a privileged place, the old bastion of Sant Pere, a 16th-century building on Palma's bay and designed by the Italian engineer Giovan Giacomo Palearo Fratin ‘El Fratín’. The Museum area is 5.027 square meters, half of them for exhibition. Architects Jaime and Luís García Ruiz, Ángel Sánchez-Cantalejo and Vicente Tomás are the enlargement's authors.
Es Baluard Museu d’Art Modern i Contemporani de Palma's collection includes works by the major artists and movements that have converged and are converging in the Balearic Islands since the inception of the twentieth century until today and relates them to works from other artistic contexts in Spain and abroad.
Starting at the time in which pictorial modernism spurred the renovation of landscape painting in Spain and a large group of primarily Catalan painters –Joaquim Mir, Santiago Rusiñol, Hermen Anglada-Camarasa, Joaquín Sorolla and Antoni Gelabert-, coincided in Mallorca, and following with a tour of the avant-gardes up to the major movements of the mid-twentieth-century – with artists such as Picasso, Joan Miró, Fernand Léger, René Magritte, Picabia, Van Dongen, Nicolas de Staël, Juli Ramis, Poliakoff, Wifredo Lam, among others - the Es Baluard collection lays special emphasis on the artistic currents of the second half of the past century and early years of the twenty-first century. In this sense, it covers the broad diversity of contemporary languages: from painting and sculpture to drawing, photography, video and installations with works by Marina Abramović, Miquel Barceló, Jim Bird, Christian Boltanski, José Manuel Broto, Miguel Angel Campano, Ramon Canet, Maria Carbonero, Anthony Caro, Toni Catany, Alberto García-Alix, Rebecca Horn, Ñaco Fabré, Anselm Kiefer, Imi Knoebel, Jorge Mayet, Joan Morey, José María Sicilia and Juan Uslé, etc.
The Es Baluard Museu d’Art Modern i Contemporani de Palma collection contains works acquired by the museum each year with the assessment of the Acquisitions Commission (which includes in-house and external experts), works from the institutions that make up the Board (Govern de les Illes Balears (the Balearic Government), Consell de Mallorca (Mallorca Council), Ajuntament de Palma (Palma Municipal Council) and Fundació d’Art Serra, temporary loans from other institutions, businesses, artists and private collections and donations that adhere to the collection’s criteria in all cases.
The current exhibition of the permanent collection at Es Baluard is entitled Implosió, and it was curated by Es Baluard´s director Nekane Aramburu. It was opened to the public on Thursday 30 January 2014 during the 10th Anniversary celebrations of Es Baluard, by Jose Ramon Bauza. He talked about the significance of Es Baluard for exhibiting the artwork of famous artists such as Miro, Picasso and Keifer alongside that of contemporary artists. He emphasised the importance of cultural tourism on a global scale, of its relevance to tourism in Mallorca and the responsibility that the people of Mallorca had to look after, celebrate and visit the gallery. He praised the founder Pera Siera as a visionary who had great courage and vision to see Es Baluard evolve into the inspirational museum it has become, and especially the importance of the public / private collaboration. He formally declared the exhibition open and welcomed the people of Mallorca to enjoy the exhibition! A performance by Janksy was broadcast live on the Fluido Rosa programme on RNE Radio 3, which consisted of poetry performed by Laila MaLo and music by Jaume Reus. The room was filled to bursting with an avid and entertained audience that were reluctant to leave to allow space for new arrivals. People hovered and jumped at the entrance, eager to catch a glimpse of the artwork projected to accompany the performance.
"Les Clíniques d'Es Baluard" was the first training program launched by the museum. This Es Baluard's project from the Training Area aimed to promote professionalism in the arts from the museum institution, delivering tools of analysis, knowledge and coaching of the professional artistic practice. This project was open to all professional artists or those in the process of professionalization, regardless of age, that fitted into a coaching program.
"Les Clíniques d'Es Baluard": aimed to develop specialized modules to assess and promote the careers of artists worldwide, but with special emphasis on artists from the Balearic Islands. It was based, among others, on: the analysis and review of portfolios and dossiers, the concept of being an artist today, copyright, museums galleries and spaces in between relations. The project was a collaboration of several organizations of Palma and renowned professionals.
The experts were:
The selected artists:
Some of these artists participated in an exhibition in The Tower of Es Baluard entitled ´Artquitecture´ 09.18.2014 - 09.26.2014.
There is recognition of the transient nature of matter and space-time conditions around us, started in process art, which is present in the activation of a cube of more than a ton of salt, by some of the artists from the Les Cliniques study group of Es Baluard, during the Nit de l'Art in Palma. The cube of nearly a ton of salt though its action of absorption/condensation of humidity manifests the changing processes and states of water, reflecting in its composition the urgent situation of the planet. Noting the temporal dimension to which the salt is subjected, emphasises the importance of its process, and at the same time the evacuation of the art space, by proposing an art in decomposition, ephemeral, in symbiosis with the environment, sustainable in terms of resources and materials of place, using the salt of the Salinas of Es Trenc.
The project was the result of synergies between Abraham Calero, Pau Caracuel, Natasha Hall, Anne de Harlez, Mar Ripoll, Pilar Soberón y Pedro Vidal, and leading to a reflection on art and its connection / historic subordination of architecture from contingency in response to the proposal of COAIB the Official college of Architects of the Balearic Islands called “Cube of condensation" that proceeds from the eleventh century to the twenty-first century, from the experimental space of The Tower of Es Baluard, as a project hotel, to the cube in the paseo del Born.