History and museums
Gezira Island is in the Nile River, in central Cairo, Egypt. The southern portion of the island contains the Gezira District, and the northern third contains the Zamalek District.
Gezira Island is west of downtown Cairo and Tahrir Square, connected across the Nile by three bridges each on the east and west sides, including the Qasr al-Nil Bridge and 6th October Bridge. Under 19th century ruler Khedive Ismail the island was first called "Jardin des Plantes" (French for "Garden of Plants"), because of its great collection of exotic plants shipped from all over the world.