Gorliz is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, which lies within the autonomous community of the Basque Country, in northern Spain. The town had 5,664 inhabitants in 2014.
Gorliz consists of the following neighborhoods: Elexalde, Santa María, Uresaranse (Urezarantza), Gandia, Areatza, San José, Guzurmendi and Orabille.
Its economy is mainly based on the services sector. Its principal source of income is the tourism. Over last years it has become one of the most touristic centres in Biscay.
One of the biggest attractions of the municipality is the beach and nearby pine forest. Churches such as the Church of the Immaculate Conception, founded in the 10th century and remodeled in 1781, and the church of Santa María (Andra Mari) are also attractions. In Cabo Villano, Billao in Basque, about 30 minutes from downtown, you can enjoy magnificent views along the lighthouse. In this area there are cannons and underground galleries built after the Spanish Civil War by the Franco regime, using prisoners of war on the Republican side, in anticipation of a hypothetical landing of the Allies after World War II that never came. Gorliz also has a camping, a youth hostel and many other places of interest.
With a length of 842m and a width of 120m, the recently modeled Gorliz beach has an excellent bathing water quality. It is accessible from the BI-2120 road to Mungia, taking the exit from the Saratxaga roundabout to Gorliz and then taking the BI-3158 (Uresarantze Bidea), that goes to Gorliz Hospital. There are also several bus lines close directly to the beach and from the last stop on line 1 of the underground Metro Bilbao, "Plentzia", it is a pleasant walk of around 2 km along the edge of the River Butroe estuary to Gorliz beach.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the properties of the baths of sea, the new medicine for rehab and a new concept of free time fixed new habits and treatments (Marine Sanatoria). But the history of this first marine sanatorium of the Biscayan coast was born from the ideas of several doctors, between whom Dr. Enrique Areilza stood out. The idea attracted the attention of the Deputation of Biscay, presided in those moments by Luis de Salazar.
From 1979-2007 Górliz's mayors belonged to the Basque Nationalist Party (in 1999 and in 2003 Patxo Igartua was elected, having presented the PNV in coalition with Eusko Alkartasuna). In 2007 there were separate EA and PNV. The PNV was again the most voted, but obtained a simple majority of 40% of the valid votes (those of Basque Nationalist Action were considered null), which earned him only six of the 13 councillors. Emma Calzada of the Independent Group was elected mayor of Gorliz, with the votes of his group (four councillors), the Basque PP (PP-PV, 1 councillor), Ezker Batua - Berdeak - Aralar (one councillor) and Eusko Alkartasuna (EA, one councillor). 1 2 3
On June 29, San Pedro festivity, a pilgrimage takes place in the neighborhood of Iberre. The main festivity of Gorliz is celebrated around July 25, Santiago day. The festive activities include an "Habaneras" festival and Basque Poliphony. The neighborhood Andra Mari celebrates its singular festivities the first weekend of August, with its traditional paella contest and with the pilgrimage on August 5 in honor of the Virgin of Andra Mari de Aguirre and Las Nieves. The third weekend of August the festivities of Urezarantza-Fano neighborhood take place. On December 8, feast of Immaculate Conception, a Christmas fair and a snails in "vizcaina" style contest are celebrated.