(don't confuse it with Cambridge in England, famous for its Cambridge University - these cities are namesakes and, moreover, twin cities).
Let's look at this glorious place a little closer. As it was mentioned in the post about Boston – the Harvard College was opened almost immediately after the city was founded by colonists, it happened in 1636. In 1639 the College was named Harvard in honor of the missionary, the young clergyman John Harvard, who, it turns out, was not the founder of the College, but rather was its patron, donating to the College half of his fortune and personal library (about 400 books).
Initially, it happened so that most of the College students were the clergy, but in 1643, the English aristocrat Ann Radcliffe had created a Fund to support research and this was the beginning of 'reforms'. Almost all the 18th century, the curriculum was becoming more secular and the College itself was recognized as a Central cultural institution among the elites of Boston .
In 1780 is found the first official mention of Harvard College as University. In the 19th century the university developed, the schools of professional education were created. In the late 19th century the President of the College Charles Elliot carried out reforms of the University and its dependent schools, as a result of these changes was established known to us centralized research university. It is worth noting that these reforms have affected to the entire education system in the U.S., and Harvard University became one of the founders of the Association of American Universities.
September 1836 alumni procession, the First Parish Meeting House to the Pavilion. Drawing by Eliza Susan Quincy, daughter of Harvard President Josiah Quincy. Harvard University has the largest endowment in the world among non-profit organizations – about 27 billion dollars.
The University consists of 10 faculties and the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study. The campuses are scattered throughout Boston, and the head campus with the main buildings is located on 85 acres of land in Cambridge , and is called 'Harvard Yard'.
Image: Harvard Archives Harvard University employs more than 2 thousand teachers, about 7 thousand students and about 14 and a half thousand holders of a master's degree, graduate students and doctoral candidates.
Among the graduates of Harvard were 8 presidents of the USA, 49 Nobel Prize winners, 36 winners of the Pulitzer Prize. Harvard is in first place in the US (and I think in the world) by the number of graduates-billionaires.
The administration of Harvard (1972).
Also in the Harvard University is well-developed the system not only of hostels, but also of 'houses' (yes, like in the movie 'Van Wilder', 'American Pie' and others of that ilk).
The University provides students with housing in dormitories on campus or near the Harvard Yard, and those students who have some achievements, live in 'houses'. These are completely different structures of the University.
Allegedly living in the 'house' not only raises the status of a student, but also enables the student to get more 'tasty' job offer. In addition, the rivalry of the houses is not a myth – a friendly rivalry between them really exist.
Altogether there are 13 houses in Harvard: 12 residential and one administrative. Each house has a name and is named after a famous figure, President, graduate, or Harvard sponsor.
Photo: Dunster House.
Several interesting facts about Harvard University :
For a long time at the bell tower at Lowell House were the bells of St. Daniel Monastery, which were sold to the University by the Soviet authorities in the 1930s. In 2007, the bells returned to the monastery, and Harvard was given a copy. In the picture is Lowell House itself.
In Harvard Yard there is a statue of John Harvard. On the pedestal is written: John Harvard, founder, 1638. Among people, this monument is called the 'Monument of three lies'. As we've said above – Harvard is not the founder of the University and the University was founded in 1636, not in 1638. The third lie is that depicted person is not Harvard, but the University student Sherman Mountains who was chosen as the model of the sculptor. Such a funny monument.
There is a belief that students can pass through the Johnston Gate only twice – at the beginning of study and after graduation (there is no the third way). Therefore, according to tradition, these gates are usually closed during the time of study, and it is the main gate of the University. It's interesting, when traditions are venerated on such a level.
We went to Harvard early in the morning on the Boston subway. Views of Boston from the windows of the subway.