Italy. Florence. La Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore | CruiseBe
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Italy. Florence. La Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore

Capi4ca • 4 minutes read • May 25th, 2016

La Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore

, or simply the Duomo, is the main cathedral in 


. Construction started in the 13th century and it is still being built to this day! In Italy, it is the second largest cathedral after the Basilica di San Pietro in Rome. Our guide told us that if we got lost, we should say "Duomo" and everyone would understand and show us where to go.

Here, at 

the Duomo

, tour groups meet to go out on different excursions. The square in front of the Duomo is small so it gets crowded.
1italy-florence-the-cattedrale-di-santa-maria-del-fiore.jpgOur tour group gathered directly outside of the Duomo. Following our map, we turned into an alley and saw the colorful building.
This is the Duomo. At first, we thought that the Cathedral was painted but it is actually decorated with marble plates of green, pink and white.
The cathedral's marble facade was built between 1881-1887. The most notable donation for this was made by Pavel Pavlovich Demidov - the "Russian-Italian". You can see his coat of arms hanging on the wall of the Cathedral.
The dome can be seen when you stand from the left side of the facade. 
Or from right behind Giotto's bell tower.
Opposite the Cathedral is the Baptistery (the corner can be seen on the right).
Battistero di San Giovanni is the oldest building in the square (the Baptistery is a building intended for baptisms).
Here are the Eastern "Gates of Paradise".
The square is full of people. It's an information hub for tourists.
We are going inside the Duomo.
Here is the clock, famous because the hands rotate in the opposite direction. The inscription "hora italica" is written on the clock - the Italian time dictates that 12 pm is sundown. 
Here is one of the stained glass windows.
We walked around the Cathedral and then went outside.
Once the walls were built, no one knew how to build the giant dome over them. Filippo Brunelleschi was the Italian designer and architect who proposed a solution to this problem, making this unique dome the symbol of Florence.
You can climb the 463 steps of the narrow spiral staircase to the observation deck, and there are 414 steps to the bell tower.
I don't know how people can lives here, in the square. It's crowded almost round the clock.
We left the Duomo behind and walked further.
Author: Capi4ca
Translated by: Olesya Zhukova

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