History and museums
The Mabini Shrine is a historic site in Santa Mesa, Manila, Philippines. It is a replica of the original house owned by the Del Rosario family in Pandacan to whom Apolinario Mabini, known as "the Sublime Paralytic" and "the Brains of the Philippine Revolution", was related by affinity. On May 13, 1903, Mabini died of cholera at the age of 39 in this house. The shrine is now located within the main campus of the Polytechnic University of the Philippines in Santa Mesa, after several relocations. It is situated next to the newly constructed Museo ni Apolinario Mabini, where some of his belongings and other memorablia can be found. The Mabini Shrine is a government recognized National Shrine (Level 1) and cultural property based on the official lists provided by the National Commission on Culture and the Arts, National Historical Commission of the Philippines and the National Museum of the Philippines.
The bamboo and nipa house was owned by Cecilio del Rosario and Maxima Castaneda-del Rosario. Apolinario Mabini first lived in this house in 1888, the year he entered law school at the University of Santos Tomas. He continued to live there during most of his adult years. The original house used to be located across the river in Nagtahan, Pandacan. The house has been moved from the inaccessible Presidential Security Group compound across the Pasig River, from Malacañang Palace to the Polytechnic University of the Philippines campus further up the river. The Metropolitan Manila Development Authority held a widening project in Pasig and decided to move the shrine. Dr. Dante Guevarra, the university president in 2005, welcomed the relocation of the shrine within the main campus of the Polytechnic University of the Philippines. On February 8, 2010, former Philippine president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, issued Proclamation 1992 declaring the Polytechnic University of the Philippines Mabini Campus in Santa Mesa as a permanent home of the Mabini Shrine.