Magellanic Penguins (Strait of Magellan) | CruiseBe
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Magellanic Penguins

Nikolkaya • 4 minutes read • July 4th, 2016
I don't know a lot about them, but I'll tell you everything I do know. And it's even better if I show you . . . 
This is one of the 17 species of penguins. They can be distinguished by a second white strip that runs across their abdomen (other penguins don't have it). They can be seen on the Falkland Islands and in 

South America

. They can reach up to heights of 27.5 inches (70 cm) and weigh up to 11 lbs (5 kg). 
At the age of 4-5 years, they look for a mate for their remaining (20) years. And they are counted not as individuals, but as couples (the world population is 1.8 million couples). Penguins are absolutely monogamous - they never change their partner. In case of the death of a friend/girlfriend, the second penguin refuses to eat, and ends up dying also.  
Usually, the male leads its female to a nesting spot, where it was born, in its native colony. And it always looks for the native hole.
If it doesn't manage to find its hole, or its hole has been destroyed or occupied, it digs a new house that it will return to next year. The hole is always dug by the male, while the female is the lookout. Neighbors also help to look after the hole - who knows, there is a danger all around.
In general, penguins often make friends with their neighbors - they go to the beach together,
discuss different vital problems of the colony,
and arrange a joint kindergarten for baby birds. 
Penguins spend most of their time on the beach - they bathe, clean themselves and sleep. Young males also look for their ladies on the beach.
Adult penguins come here to nest in September, and begin to lay eggs in mid-October, after digging holes or repairing old holes. If Magellanic penguins lose their laying ground, they do not lay another one. Brooding lasts about 40 days, while the female penguins lay eggs, the male feeds in the sea. It feeds up to a distance of 310 miles (500 km) from the colony, and after 15-20 days, it returns to replace the female. Then the female leaves for the same period of time to eat. Both parents warm baby birds one after the other until they reach the age of one month.
In March, the family leaves their home colony and goes back to the sea, until next September.
I was in the Magellanic penguin colony near 

Punta Arenas

(Chile, Patagonia. Penguin population is 10.731 couples) in February.
Author: Nikolkaya
Translated by: Olesya Zhukova

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