Metropolis, Ephesus, Turkey | CruiseBe
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By DiaboloDave at English Wikipedia - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12790345

Metropolis


History and museums
,
ancient city, greek and roman ruins



The classical city of Metropolis (Greek: Μητρόπολις) is situated in western Turkey near Yeniköy village in Torbali municipality - approximately 40 km SE of Izmir. Occupation at the site goes back to the Neolithic period. The Hittite period is also attested.

Classical, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman periods are well represented at the site.

History

The earliest known settlement at the site is from the Neolithic showing evidence of contact and influence with the Troy I littoral culture.

An as yet undeciphered seal written in hieroglyphics similar to those of the Hittites has been found in the acropolis of Metropolis. The Hittite kingdom of Arzawa had its capital Apasas (later Ephesus) some 30 km to the south west. During the Hittite period, the city was known as Puranda.

The Mycenaean remains are also found. Bademgedigi Tepe is the archaeological site in the area with large amounts of local Mycenaean pottery, ranging from the 14th to 12th century BC, and later.

A Mycenaean-age representation of a ship on a vase from Bademgediği Tepe is an important find that casts light on the development of ship technology and iconography on ceramic vessels.

Metropolis was a part of the Hellenistic kingdom of Pergamum and during this period the city reached a zenith of cultural and economic life. A temple dedicated to the war god Ares, one of only two known such temples, has been located here.

What is visible today is primarily a Hellenistic city heavily Romanised, and with Byzantine remains laid across it – a church to the east of the city, and fortification walls laid across city that connect to the Hellenistic defenses on the Acropolis.

Excavations

The city was first investigated through archaeological field work from 1972 by Professor Recep Meriç from the Dokuz Eylül University, Izmir. Metropolis has been excavated since 1989.


By DiaboloDave at English Wikipedia - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12790345


Text is available under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0

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