and connecting Manhattan with Brooklyn. At the time of completion, it was the largest suspension bridge in the world and one of the first bridges where steel was used in its construction. The bridge is both for cars and pedestrians - lengthwise it is divided into three parts. The side lanes are used by cars, and the central one, being at a considerable elevation, is used by pedestrians and cyclists.
At the beginning of the 19th century, the engineers had a question: "How will we connect two separate cities (at the time) - Manhattan and Brooklyn?" A lot of research was conducted, but a positive result had not been achieved. There was a proposal on the construction of an underground tunnel, but this version was refuted since at that time it was quite expensive and time consuming. The bridge was designed by engineer John Roebling, who had already built several suspension bridges in the United States. For the construction of the Brooklyn Bridge, Roebling for the first time, applied steel ropes to support the structure, despite the fact that steel was a new material. Several of Roebling's contemporaries did not trust this material, considering the idea of using steel almost utopian. Furthermore, since steel is corrodible, they thought that the bridge would not be used for a long time. But Roebling proposed to galvanize suspension cables, and they successfully hold the roadbed over the East River to this day.
Roebling's project was immediately approved. Construction of the bridge began on January 3, 1870, and lasted for 13 years. Construction was difficult. When Roebling died from an accident during construction, his work was continued by his son, Washington Roebling. But he got a decompression sickness and was paralyzed - also during construction. This time, the works were continued by his wife Emily Roebling. Despite many difficulties, the bridge was opened on 24 May, 1883. The Brooklyn Bridge is the oldest of all the bridges in the United States. Three spans of the bridge were connected by two gothic towers, the length of the main span is 1594 feet (486.3 meters). The bridge cost $15.1 million. The opening of the bridge was attended by the mayor of New York and US President Chester Arthur. This day became a holiday; everyone could come and admire this architectural creation. On the first day, about 1800 vehicles and 150,000 people used the bridge to get to the other side. However, a week later there was a rumor about the possibility of a sudden collapse of the bridge that became the cause of a stampede and the death of 12 people. To assure people of the strength of the construction, authorities led 21 elephants (from the nearby circus) across it.
The bridge was reconstructed several times and it has faithfully served people for almost 130 years, becoming one of the most iconic symbols of New York. To stay in New York and not to walk on the Brooklyn Bridge is simply unnatural, and this trip was one of those where all my dreams came true! Here it is - the famous laced web of steel cables!
Standing on the bridge, it was convenient to "catch" people's faces on my camera - both of the locals and of crowds of tourists. Here it is, New York in people's faces.
After crossing the East River on the Brooklyn Bridge, we were in the heart of Lower Manhattan again:
Here is well-known cozy City Hall park:
From the piers of the historic vessels, it was a very close walk to the historic part of Manhattan - Castle Clinton is located in Battery Park. It is the only fort in Manhattan, which was built in 1812 during preparations for the war with Great Britain. However, it happened that 28 of its cannons never fired on the enemy.
This is the Memorial to the Americans who died in World War II:
It was pleasant to stroll along the waterfront of the Hudson River!
Yesterday at sunset, I managed to see only a silhouette, but then I became acquainted with this unusual monument up close. I hope, this drowning sailor was saved!
And then along the well-known road, we walked to the World Trade Center, which was under construction, so we passed it and went to Broadway.
Well, and where is the bull? Ah, there it is, occupied by kids.