A fjord is a narrow U-shaped canyon, usually filled with water, the one above is filled with water from melted glaciers. Fjords are beautiful and fascinating, make sure to see the fjords in Norway.
In 1519 Fernando Magellan took his first journey around the world with five ships and a crew of 256 people. Only one ship and 18 members of the crew came back. Magellan died in the Philippines during a civil war that took place between two local chiefs. Magellan is considered the first sailor to circumnavigate the globe and is revered in South America. Locals refer to themselves as Magellanians.
Crossing the Atlantic took Magellan several months. By the time he reached South America, winter had begun in the southern hemisphere and so he was forced to stay. The land was inhabited by Indians who were much taller and larger than the Spaniards. That's why Magellan named the land Patagonia, meaning 'Big Feet'. A monument to Magellan stands in the central square of the city of Punta Arenas:
Patagonian statue with very large feet sits at Magellan's feet. The rumor is that you will return to Chile once you touch the leg of the statue:
The origin of Patagonia's name is also believed to come from a book that Magellan read during his voyage; the main character was called Patagon.
A year after the voyage, Magellan reached the end of the mainland of South America and entered the strait, which was subsequently named after him. In these latitudes the temperature rarely rises above 53 degrees Fahrenheit (12 degrees Celsius), even during summer. When Magellan saw a several fire pits on shore, he thought it was a volcanic island and thus named it Tierra Del Fuego.
His expedition through the Strait of Magellan lasted 38 days. When Magellan finally reached the Pacific Ocean, it was an unusually sunny and windless day. Waters of the ocean were completely calm and Magellan named it the Pacific. Punta Arenas:
The Chilean port. Chile is the most developed country in South America. Roughly 100 000 people live in Punta Arenas. It is a small town that prospered before the opening of the Panama Canal. Previously, all trade routes passed through and ships stopped to replenish water and food, as well as make repairs.
There are several monuments all over Chile:
Stray dogs are also very common, especially in the capital, Santiago:
From the central square the main shopping street begins: