Santimamiñe, Bilbao, Spain | CruiseBe
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Javier Mediavilla Ezquibela - Own work (Own"> ||| Creative Commons Attribution 2.5


History and museums
archaeological site

Santimamiñe cave, Kortezubi, Biscay, Basque Country, Spain, is one of the most important archaeological sites of the Basque Country, including a nearly complete sequence from the Middle Paleolithic to the Iron Age.

Its complete sequence includes the following cultures:

  • Mousterian
  • Chatelperronian
  • Aurignacian
  • Gravettian
  • Solutrean
  • Magdalenian
  • Azilian

Plus unclassified remains of the Neolithic, Chalcolithic, Bronze and Iron ages.

It is best known for its mural paintings of the Magdalenian period, depicting bisons, horses, goats and deers.

Its excellent location over the Urdaibai estuary was probably most important in its continued habitation, first by Neanderthals and later by Homo sapiens. ||| Creative Commons Attribution 2.5

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